On my walk, I look for the understory, the autumn olive. Autumn olive (Elaeagnus umbellata) is an ornamental shrub first introduced to North America in the mid-1800s.  In some parts of North America where it has become naturalized, E. umbellata is considered a noxious weed, particularly in the central and northeastern United States. Autumn olive colonized these areas and did well initially, but over time, other plants, both native and non-native, have been choking it out. … In-depth wild edible PDFs. 84 check-ins. Autumn olive is a fast growing shrub that can often reach up to 20 feet tall. All information, photographs and web content contained in this website is Copyright © EdibleWildFood.com 2020. Autumn olive is a particularly invasive species and is listed as a category 1 weed by the U.S. Forest Service for the Southern Region. Autumn olive is a medium to large deciduous shrub. Removing invasives by hand allows for succession of trees as we can carefully work around this new growth. Waiting too long will cause the birds to get to it before you. Noninvasive (other species of Elaeagnus are more invasive, especially autumn olive aka E. umbellata, or even goumi aka E. multiflora). , J.R. Clark, G.E. The leaves are dark green on top with a silvery-white underside. It was introduced to North America in 1830 as an ornamental plant. A non-native, invasive deciduous shrub that can grow as tall as 20 feet. It is up to the reader to verify nutritional information and health benefits with qualified professionals for all edible plants listed in this web site. Also known as the Umbellate Oleaster, or the Japanese Silverberry, the Autumn Olive is a species belonging to the Elaeangus genus. Closed Now.  It can enrich soils and benefit nearby plants, and when grown in orchards, it can increase yields of adjacent fruit trees up to 10%. At the time, this was a fairly common practice, as autumn olive was considered useful for wildlife management and as a windbreak. Hi Everyone, Are you familiar with Autumn Olives?They are unique, sweet and tart, small, reddish berry that grows wild here in Central New Jersey (and can also be found in NY and PA). Autumn olive grows in many countries. What is Autumn Olive? The species is indigenous to eastern Asia and ranges from the Himalayas eastwards to Japan.It is a hardy, aggressive invasive species able to readily colonize barren land, becoming a troublesome plant in the central and northeastern United States and Europe. Autumn olive spreads easily and is now considered an invasive species. ABOUT THE AUTUMN OLIVE. Autumn olive flowers are quite fragrant. Scientific Name: Eleagnus umbellata . Distribution and Habitat Autumn olive is found from Maine to Virginia and west to Wisconsin in grasslands, fields, open woodlands and other disturbed areas. In more recent decades, autumn olive was planted to provide food and shelter for wildlife. Autumn Olive Elaeagnus umbellata Oleaster family (Elaeagnaceae) Description: This is a woody shrub about 10-20' tall that branches frequently; it is usually a little taller than wide. Autumn olive ( Elaeagnus umbellata Thunb.) One can think of autumn olive as invasive, but one could also think of it as a terrific food plant that requires no chemical assistance to bear well. Autumn olive (Elaeagnus umbellata), also known as Japanese silverberry, is a deciduous perennial shrub native to temperate and tropical Asia that was introduced into the United States in the early 1800s from Japan. , The fruit is a small round drupe 1/4 to 1/3 inches (0.65 to 0.85 cm) in diameter. flour. 75 check-ins. 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